Ayurveda refers to tulsi or Holy Basil as “the incomparable one,” “mother medicine of nature” and “the queen of herbs”. It is revered as an elixir of life for both its medicinal and spiritual properties. It belongs to the mint family and has two main varieties. The greener variety is called Rama Tulsi and the greenish black variety is called Krishna Tulsi.

It has a pungent, bitter taste, as well as light, dry and sharp properties and a hot potency. It pacifies Vata and Kapha dosha and aggravates Pitta. 

Holy Basil has numerous mechanisms of action. Its beneficial effects are found across quite a few categories of medicinal activities, including anti bacterial, anti acne, anti stress, antilipidemic, antidiabetic and blood glucose lowering properties.

  • Anti Bacterial Activity
  • Anti Acne Effect
  • Anti Stress Properties
  • Anti Lipidemic Properties
  • Glucose Lowering Effect
  • Hepatoprotective Properties
  • Anti Viral Activity

A research by defense research institute, Gwalior, India, showed significant effect on the swine flu virus.

  • Tulsi balances Kapha dosha and as such is useful to relieve excess sputum production.
  • It is anti microbial. The tulsi plant is one of the most potent anti viral herbs of Ayurveda.
  • It improves taste and relieves anorexia by stimulating the digestive fire due to its hot and sharp properties.
  • It is a cardiac tonic and helps to relieve cholesterol deposits in the arteries due to its anti Kapha and sharp properties.
  • Due to its Kapha and Vata balancing effect, it is useful in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders, cold and cough and also repeated hiccups.
  • It relieves vomiting.
  • It is useful in skin diseases marked by itchiness due to its Kapha pacifying effect. Kapha dosha is responsible for itching in many skin diseases.
  • It is a natural detoxifying herb.
  • It is useful in kidney and bladder stones.
  • It is useful in infectious eye disorders.
  • It is an adaptogenic herb and is useful in stress related disorders.


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